Immersion (Piss Christ) is a photograph by the American artist and photographer Andres Serrano. It depicts a small plastic crucifix submerged in a small glass tank of the artist's urine.
The uproar turned Piss Christ into one of the key fronts in the culture wars of the s and s, alongside the work of Serrano’s fellow NEA recipient Robert Mapplethorpe, and divided a nation over the question of whether the government had the right to censor art.
It all began in when Piss Christ, along with the homoerotic photographs of Robert Mapplethorpe, found themselves at the centre of controversy in the United States, where the forces of the Christian Right rallied to curtail the National Endowment for the Arts. More recently, Congress legislated, upheld by the Supreme Court, that the NEA.
It's a story of anger and loathing that cannot be understood without mention of an artist named “Mapplethorpe” and a piece of art called “Piss Christ.". It concerns the issue of intent vs. interpretation, and I call it “The Piss Christ Test. that caused a fair bit of controversy back in the early Nineties at the height of the “culture wars,” along with Mapplethorpe and the NEA Four and all that. The image is pretty much what .
Christian protesters who attacked the work have risen to the artist's bait and misunderstood his sincerity.
In , Robert Mapplethorpe and Andres Serrano unveiled a photo of a crucifix immersed in Serrano's urine (Raschke ). Entitled Piss Christ, the exhibit generated a flurry of objections from several Christian groups (). Among one of the criticisms of the piece was that it represented "state subversion" of Christians' "fundamental beliefs. Robert Mapplethorpe's extraordinary vision. ROBERT MAPPLETHORPE: THE PERFECT MOMENT. Reviewed August 6, Washington Project for the Arts, Andres Serrano, whose "Piss Christ" -- a murky, moody photograph of the crucified Christ submerged in the artist's urine -- had been partially funded by a $15, grant from the National Endowment.
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of Piss Christ () fame. In July , four months after Mapplethorpe’s death, Helms sponsored a bill forbidding the NEA from funding any further work that featured—among many other things—homoeroticism, S&M, and “individuals engaged in sex acts.” It passed. The Mapplethorpe Censorship Controversy. By Margaret Quigley, on May 1, About Margaret Quigley in the artist’s urine. The controversy later expanded to include the work of other artists, including Robert Mapplethorpe, Annie Sprinkle, and others. beginning with Andres Serrano’s Piss Christ and the recent Robert Mapplethorpe.
Soon after the Serrano debacle, acclaimed New York City photographer Robert Mapplethorpe found himself in the crosshairs of what would become a national debate far worse than “Piss Christ. Andres Serrano: Piss Christ, , photo, Andres Serrano (b. , New York) is an American artist who studied painting and sculpture at the Brooklyn Museum in –69 and later acknowledged that in the s he was an addict and drug dealer in New York City.